Almindelige fejl i akademisk engelsk

Når man skriver sit bachelorprojekt, speciale eller anden afhandling på engelsk, kommer man let til at gentage de samme fejl flere gange i løbet af teksten. Nedenfor kan du finde en række lister med fejl der ofte findes i engelsksproget akademisk arbejde, og derved forbedre dit engelske sprogbrug når du skriver.

Stavefejl

Selvom korrekturlæsningen i tekstprogrammer fanger de fleste stavefejl er de ikke altid fuldkommen pålidelige. Den følgende liste indeholder stavefejl som ofte forekommer i bachelorprojekter og specialer skrevet på engelsk.

ForkertKorrekt
acheiveachieve
benifitbenefit
conciousconscious
definatelydefinitely
dependantdependent
disatisfieddissatisfied
existanceexistence
focussedfocused
heteroskedesticityheteroskedasticity
homogenushomogenous
imediateimmediate
labratorylaboratory
ocassionallyoccasionally
payedpaid
possespossess
practicalypractically
precedureprocedure
publicallypublicly
questionairequestionnaire
respondantrespondent
seperateseparate
skedesticityskedasticity
skewednessskewness
specificly,specifically
suceedsucceed
therefortherefore
undoubtablyundoubtedly
unforseenunforeseen
wetherwhether
wichwhich

Hyppigt forekommende sprogfejl

Når vi korrekturlæser engelske bachelorprojekter og specialer indeholder de ofte en eller flere af de nedenstående sprogfejl. Hvis du sikrer at din tekst ikke indeholder dem opnår du en langt bedre fremstilling.

ForkertKorrektHvorfor?
Researches were conducted.Research was conducted.Research is a non-count noun.
Further, the chance of bias is high.Furthermore, the chance of bias is high.Further does not mean “in addition”; furthermore does
The amount of variables may change.The number of variables may change.Use number with countable nouns (e.g., changes), amount with non-count nouns (e.g., air).
A MRI, a HR directiveAn MRI, an HR directiveAn abbreviation that starts with a vowel sound takes “an.”
The teenagers thatThe teenagers whoUse who with people, that with things

Nedenfor gennemgår vi andre hyppige fejl i relation til ordklasser.

Adjektiver

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Are both similarAre similarAlthough the two cases are similar, they are not identical.
PoliticPoliticalBoth economic and political factors were considered.
So called…, factor based…So-called…, factor-based…The so-called experts only conducted factor-based analyses.
SpeciallyEspeciallyThe authors were especially interested in inflation pressures.

Capitalization

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Results Of The InterviewsResults of the interviews or Results of the InterviewsAdditional information is presented in Table 9 (Results of the interviews).

Conjunctions and linking terms

ForkertKorrektEksempel
First of all, firstlyFirstFirst, all participants were given a survey.
However …However, …However, most theorists disagree.
LikeSuch asNorthern cities such as Oslo and Helsinki have long, dark winters.

Nouns/noun phrases

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Insights inInsights intoThe results offer valuable insights into the problem.
MNC’s, PC’sMNCs, PCsMost MNCs purchase thousands of PCs annually.
One criteriaOne criterionAlthough many criteria were considered, one criterion stood out
Research conclusionResearch conclusionsChapter 6 contains the research conclusions.
Taxi’s, umbrella’sTaxis, umbrellasTaxis are often full of forgotten umbrellas.
The childs behavior, the parents attitudeThe child’s behavior, the parents’ attitudeAlthough the child’s behavior was aggressive, her parents’ attitude was very relaxed.
Two analysisTwo analysesSeveral analyses were conducted, but one analysis was most fruitful.
Two hypothesisTwo hypothesesThis thesis proposes many hypotheses.

Prepositions/prepositional phrases

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Besides, Next toIn addition toIn addition to building dams, the government also invested in roads.
From…till…From…to…The ages ranged from 18 to 24.
In the light ofIn light ofThe test was cancelled in light of the wind.
PerByThe participants were grouped by height.
To what extendTo what extentIt is not known to what extent the subjects were being truthful.

Pronouns

ForkertKorrektEksempel
A person…their…A person…his or her (or his/her)A researcher should cite his or her sources.
You…One…If one reads the study, one may indeed be convinced

Punctuating numbers

ForkertKorrektEksempel
10.000,0010,000.00The price was exactly $10,000.00.
1960’s1960sMany styles of music emerged in the 1960s.

Quantifiers

ForkertKorrektEksempel
A couple ofA few, two/three, a handful ofA few controversial questions were also included.
A lot ofMany, much, several, a great deal ofMuch time was spent on the test.

Terms used in citations

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Et al, Et all.Et al.The mutation is thought to be widespread (Han et al., 1999)
Et al. hasEt al. haveOmar et al. have asserted that the effect is temporary.

Verbs/phrasal verbs

ForkertKorrektEksempel
Choose yesterdayChose yesterdayThe project manager chose her team before planning began.
Divide inDivide intoThis thesis is divided into seven sections.
Lead yesterdayLed yesterdayAlthough the Liberals currently lead in the polls, the Conservatives led last week.
Make a photoTake a photoThe time was set to take photos at 20-second intervals.
Send yesterdaySent yesterdayThe email was sent to all employees.

Ord som tit blandes sammen

Hvilken skal anvendes?KorrektHvori består forskellen typisk?
Effect/affectThe effect was strong; the drug affected all members of the experimental group.Effect = noun
Affect = verb
Personnel/personalThe company’s personnel do not like to discuss their personal problems.Personnel = noun
Personal = adjective
Principal/principleThe principal author outlined the theories and principles that arose from the study.Principal = adjective
Principle = noun
Were/whereWhere were you?Were = verb
Where = adjective

De ovenstående tips kan hjælpe dig med at forbedre dit engelsk generelt. Det næste skridt er at fintune din fremstilling afhængigt af om du bruger amerikansk, britisk eller australsk engelsk!

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